By Lewis Aron
How did psychoanalysis come to outline itself as being diverse from psychotherapy? How have racism, homophobia, misogyny and anti-Semitism converged within the production of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis? Is psychoanalysis psychotherapy? Is psychoanalysis a "Jewish science"?
Inspired through the innovative and humanistic origins of psychoanalysis, Lewis Aron and Karen Starr pursue Freud's demand psychoanalysis to be a "psychotherapy for the people." They current a cultural historical past concentrating on how psychoanalysis has constantly outlined itself in terms of an "other." firstly, that different used to be hypnosis and recommendation; later it used to be psychotherapy. The authors hint a sequence of binary oppositions, every one outlined hierarchically, that have plagued the background of psychoanalysis. Tracing reverberations of racism, anti-Semitism, misogyny, and homophobia, they exhibit that psychoanalysis, linked to phallic masculinity, penetration, heterosexuality, autonomy, and tradition, was once outlined towards recommendation and psychotherapy, that have been obvious as selling dependence, female passivity, and relationality. Aron and Starr deconstruct those dichotomies, top the best way for a go back to Freud's revolutionary imaginative and prescient, during which psychoanalysis, outlined largely and flexibly, is revitalized for a brand new era.
A Psychotherapy for the People might be of curiosity to psychotherapists, psychoanalysts, scientific psychologists, psychiatrists--and their patients--and to these learning feminism, cultural experiences and Judaism.
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Additional info for A Psychotherapy for the People: Toward a Progressive Psychoanalysis
Embarking on a psychoanalytic education with its associated time and money commitments immediately upon graduation and licensing is a challenging prospect. Therefore, many people wait several years. Such an educational trajectory means we have largely an older profession. The cost of analytic training makes it difficult to diversify the class base of psychoanalytic candidates and skews the age range of analysts upward. Perhaps new licensing laws that create psychoanalysis as an independent profession will attract a wider range of applicants, even if at the cost of lowering the entry-level degree from the doctorate to the 26 Introduction master’s level.
In recent years, psychoanalysts have been calling these undecidables as they coalesce into a new structure “the third” (Ogden, 1994; Aron and Benjamin, 1999; Benjamin, 2004; Aron, 2006), while others have preferred speaking in terms of paradox (Ghent, 1992) and dialectics (Hoffman, 1998). Contemporary psychoanalysis has tried to move from an either/or to a both/and approach in an attempt to move beyond being caught in doer/done to, push/pull tugs of war. We will pay particular attention to the ways in which psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, as well as numerous key psychoanalytic concepts, became structured along binary either/or lines.
How many colleagues were hurt? How many enemies were made? We want to emphasize a key point with regard to all of these harms. None of the above changed because analysts learned from analytic experience that they should change their ways. ” Analytic case presentations did not lead to the realization that homosexuality should not be treated as pathology. They did not lead to a reevaluation of our theories of gender and sexuality or to the decision to stop blaming parents for their children’s autism, schizophrenia, or learning disabilities.