Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World by Rita J. Simon

By Rita J. Simon

Abortion is likely one of the so much compelling public coverage matters dealing with executive and the general public within the usa at the present time. so much societies have enacted legislation and statutes relating to abortion, and such a lot societies have robust emotions concerning contraception and abortion. however the felony statutes and attitudes stick to markedly diversified methods. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and japanese ecu nations, heart japanese, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, in addition to Australia.

After a quick historic creation, Simon examines the felony statutes bearing on abortion within the chosen international locations after which studies public attitudes towards abortion in accordance with responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes by means of discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes referring to abortion and the international locations' rules vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants progress and keep an eye on. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a chain that might learn significant public coverage matters utilizing an explicitly comparative process. each one will function a instruction manual for college kids, researchers, and students, containing easy empirical info and entire references at the social factor or perform below examination.

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Abortion restrictions still vary by state; thirty-five have laws t h a t prevent a minor from obtaining an abortion without parental consent or notice. Eleven states have mandatory waiting periods of at least twenty-four hours. In 1977, Congress barred the use of federal funds to pay for abortions, and as of 1992, thirteen states pay for abortions of low income women. As of 1988, 83 percent of women who obtained abortions were unmarried, 84 percent were under 25 years old. 0 times as likely as women in the general population to have an abortion (Alan Guttmacher Institute).

With the exception of Poland, they permit abortions for a broad range of health, eugenic, and socioeconomic reasons. ASIA In shifting next to an examination of major Asian societies, we continue to find societies with statutes t h a t permit abortions on demand or for a wide range of reasons. China With its policy of "one child per family," the Chinese government endorses the use of abortion as a means of population and • Statutes in Selected Countries • 21 birth control and permits it on request.

1 per 1000 women aged 15 to 44. Summary The African nations cited above have criteria similar to Ireland and to Muslim countries in the Middle East. SOUTH AMERICA We are now ready to cross the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and examine abortion criteria in the Western Hemisphere. We begin with countries in South America in which abortion is granted usually to save the mother's life, in a few countries to preserve her health, or if she has been a victim of rape or incest. Argentina The criteria for abortion is the preservation of the mother's life and physical health.

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