By Fernando Rosario-Ortiz
The research of dissolved natural subject (DOM) has involved scientists and engineers for a minimum of 60 years - from the preliminary efforts considering measuring the concentrations of carbon in marine and aquatic structures, to the invention of the function of DOM within the formation of disinfection byproducts, all of the strategy to the hot emphasis at the distinct realizing of different useful teams and simple structural gains that are the foundation for the physicochemical houses of the fabric. After 50 years of labor within the sector, there are nonetheless many questions concerning DOM.
The learn of dissolved natural topic (DOM) has interested researchers in several fields of technology and engineering for lots of a long time. The impression that DOM has on a wide range of environmental procedures has ended in the improvement of a multidisciplinary group of researchers all concentrating on utilizing diversified analytical suggestions and experimental layout to higher comprehend DOM. This booklet bargains pick out case reviews concentrating on the complex characterization of DOM in several environments and with admire to varied tactics. It effects from the realization of a symposium that E. M. Thurman and that i had prepared for the 245th assembly of the yank Chemical Society, which was once hung on April 7-11, 2013 in New Orleans, Louisiana
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Additional info for Advances in the physicochemical characterization of dissolved organic matter : impact on natural and engineered systems
The application of EEM-PARAFAC in the assessment of DOM dynamics in complex fluvial systems was highlighted through studies of the longitudinal and lateral connectivity of water masses in the St. Lawrence River system (44, 49). This river system is a mosaic of heterogeneous hydrogeomorphic zones with a multitude of tributaries draining watersheds with diverse land-use, riparian areas, and floodplain associated wetlands (44). As such, DOM source strengths and the assessment of biogeochemical drivers controlling the cycling of DOC are highly complex.
For example, while the protein-like fluorescence decreased as humic-like fluorescence increased during stromflow in upland watersheds, the opposite was observed in streams from watersheds containing wetlands ((38), Figure 1). Higher relative abundances of protein-like fluorescence during base flow and/or drier climatic conditions were reported (35, 42), and suggested to be linked to changes in hydrologic flow paths with decreased contributions of surface flow to groundwater flow. Considering the changes in organic matter sources with variations in flow paths, it is not surprising that seasonal drivers including litterfall and autochthonous primary productivity were also identified as playing a role in DOM dynamics during storm events (35, 42).
50) reported a DOM source assessment on a large geographical scale, where three large fluvial systems (watersheds) from the Guayana Shield draining into the Orinoco River, Venezuela, were studied using EEM-PARAFAC. The authors used a principal component analysis (PCA) approach to determine that optical properties were strongly related to different geological settings and associated vegetation cover, and to nutrient levels within these watersheds. While the study area was for the most part quite remote and mostly undeveloped, higher levels of protein-like fluorescence were related to localized environmental disturbances, such as gold-mining activities in some of the studied streams.