Albania at war, 1939-1945 by Bernd Jurgen Fischer

By Bernd Jurgen Fischer

"Analyzes the German profession of Albania in the course of global conflict II, rectifying a part century of amnesia and mythmaking via Marxist and nationalist histories and lengthening figuring out of the connection among the 3rd Reich and wartime Albania. comprises b&w old images. Fischer is a professor of background at Indiana University-Purdue University." - ebook information, Inc.

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54 The count, however, was prevented from initiating his long-hoped-for hostilities by military considerations, of which he became aware on 31 March. Military preparations had begun shortly before the ultimatum was presented to Zog. Four regiments of bersaglieri (specially trained mountain troops), one regular infantry division, air force detachments, and all of the first naval squadron had been ordered mobilized and concentrated at Apulia. Soon thereafter an additional division as well as a battalion of tanks were ordered mobilized at the suggestion of Marshal Pietro Badoglio, past and future chief of the general staff, who nevertheless continued to oppose the invasion.

57 Following the presentation of these demands, Jacomoni made it clear to Zog that the situation was now extremely serious. The king was given a simple choice. If he accepted the demands, Ciano would go to Tirana to attend the solemn ceremony of signing the treaty, accompanied by a strong squadron of planes to emphasize the new relationship. 58 The king, recognizing that the Italians had taken a step backward, or perhaps fearing that the time had come for international help, finally broke his silence, informing the American minister not only of the Italian demands but of his specific reaction to these demands.

This vacillation can be explained, at least partially, by the lack of a fully developed sense of nationalism. As a result, the reaction of individual groups often depended principally on a regional, tribal, and local considerations. This lack of a fully developed nationalism also determined the response of many of the tribal chieftains to the invaders; they looked to play the various forces off against each other and thereby achieve some advantage for their areas. It is simple to judge many of these Albanian leaders in light of Vidkun Quisling and label them as traitors, but that would attribute to them a level of nationalist sophistication that they did not yet possess.

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