Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: Life of an Old Bolshevik by Barbara C. Allen

By Barbara C. Allen

In Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: lifetime of an outdated Bolshevik, Barbara Allen recounts the political formation and positions of Russian Communist and alternate unionist, Alexander Shlyapnikov. As chief of the Workers’ competition (1919–21), Shlyapnikov referred to as for exchange unions to grasp workers’ mastery over the economic system. regardless of defeat, he persisted to suggest designated perspectives at the Soviet socialist venture that offer a counterpoint to Stalin’s imaginative and prescient. Arrested in the course of the nice Terror, he refused to admit to fees he notion illogical and unsupported via facts. in contrast to the normal old and literary depiction of the previous Bolshevik, Shlyapnikov contested Stalin's and the NKVD's build of the proper occasion member. Allen performed large learn in information of the Soviet Communist social gathering and mystery police.

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Extra resources for Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: Life of an Old Bolshevik (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 90)

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At Nevsky, as well as at other factories, striking workers demanded the right to elect their own permanent representatives to 37 Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsialʹno-politicheskoi istorii (rgaspi), f. 589, op.  9103, vol. 5: ll: 48–50, Shliapnikov’s testimony at his 1933 party purge. Pagination was in reverse chronological order in many documents in f. 589, dela 9102 and 9103. I have cited the pages in the correct numerical order. 24 CHAPTER 1 negotiate for them with the factory management.

Although he was ‘smart by nature’ and spoke French and German, his ‘superficial knowledge of Latin’ revealed a lack of higher education. Another intellectual weakness, according to an informant, was to frequently ‘reinforce’ his papers and speeches ‘with reference to one or another published work’. 5 Although condescending in tone, the report conveys the young metalworker’s ambition, talents and intellectual orientation. While improving his French-language skills and studying Marxism, Shlyapnikov participated in Russian émigré politics and French trade unions.

From an aristocratic family, she was well educated, a popular and charismatic speaker and an author of works about socialism and women’s issues. Having become a Marxist in the late 1890s, she turned to Menshevism after the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party split in 1903. She had lectured at Bogdanov’s school on the ‘woman question’. As a part of the general project of women’s social emancipation, she advocated a new type of relationship between men and women. The ‘new woman’ would conquer her own tendency towards submissiveness and would manage to reconcile her needs for autonomy and femininity.

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