By Yezid Sayigh
Equipped upon an unheard of volume of entry to PLO data, professional courses, and the interior records of varied guerrilla teams, in addition to over 400 interviews carried out via the writer with the rank-and-file of the PLO, this groundbreaking e-book offers a definitive account of the Palestinian nationwide move. overlaying completely the forty-five years among the institution of the kingdom of Israel in 1948 to the PLO-Israel accord of 1993, this research sheds a lot new mild at the heritage of the center East within the latter half the 20 th century.
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Extra resources for Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993
46 The military regimes of Egypt and Syria proved to be as anxious as the postindependence governments of Jordan and Lebanon to avoid war with Israel. 4' His overthrow and execution in August closed this chapter, but Adib al-Shishakli, who seized power in yet another coup in December, proved to be far less nationalist than his rhetoric suggested. 49 The Free Officers who overthrew him three years later at first +curtailed the propaganda war against Israel and undertook tension-reducing Introduction 13 measures along the armistice lines.
It was also their main arms supplier, and paid the vital subvention that kept the Jordanian budget afloat. British policy therefore had considerable influence on Arab decision-making in 1948. Egypt and Jordan both sought to renegotiate their treaties in this period, but their failure to secure substantive changes on key issues provided a focus for strong domestic opposition. Anti-colonialism remained a potent driving force as a result, especially for the officers who seized power in Egypt in July 1952 and for their counterparts in Jordan, whose agitation led king Husayn to dismiss the British commander of the Arab Legion in March 1956 and to 'Arabize' the army.
65 However, the Israeli offensive launched in the south on 15 October drove the Egyptian forces into a small pocket around Gaza, and effectively sealed the fate of the APG. 66 'Abd-al-Baqi and the APG ministers soon followed him into enforced exile, and were banned from visiting Gaza subsequently. 'Abdullah, for his part, responded to the establishment of the APG by convening two carefully stage-managed congresses of West Bank notables and civil servants in October and December 1948, that called for unity with Jordan under his leadership.