By David Nicolle
The start of the Ottoman country is shrouded in legend. regardless of the fact of its origins, the Ottomans shaped an Empire which nearly succeeded in bringing Christian Europe to its knees. over the last a long time of the thirteenth century, the bold Osman Bey's tiny mountain kingdom took 8 frontier castles plus the Turkish city of Eskisehir. In 1299 Osman seized Yenisehir after operating up the Kara Su valley. With this as its first actual capital, the Ottoman kingdom emerged into historical past poised above the fertile shorelines of the ocean of Marmara.
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Extra resources for Armies of the Ottoman Turks, 1300-1774 (Men-at-Arms, Volume 140)
20th. and 21st. , 12th. and 16th. Carmine — 10th. and 14th. , 18th. and 19th. Uhlans had collar and cuff litzen. Uhlan tunics, apart trom Saxons, bore pear-shaped shoulder straps with scarlet cyphers or numerals. ) had traditional square topped shoulder straps. Field grey trousers without piping were worn by all Uhlan troops. Bavarian Chevauleger troops wore a basic lancer uniform, but it had "Swedish" cuffs and straight rear skirt ornamentation. Piping was in regimental colours which were: Carmine — 1st.
Right: A stretcher-bearer carries an infantryman wounded in the feet, back to a field hospital station. The wounded were given treatment there and then sent back either to war hospitals behind the front or to Germany for further treatment and convalescence (Roger Jay). Below: A hospital group with doctor and- nurse in the middle. Some of the patients are wearing the normal striped hospital dress of the Germany army, while others are wearing their uniforms (David Nash) ' ; i-T« •f A* I, •' ' v ;;%» 'A' 53 The Veterinary Service consisted of veterinary officers and veterinary surgeons who, like the medical personnel, held non-combatant rank but were to all intents and purposes officers.
The French and Belgians began producing their own emergency patterns utilising the dies that had in pre-war days produced the brass helmets for fire brigades. The German issue Stahlhelm, distinctive with its round peak and angular neck projection, represents to most people the total image of German military force. High up on the sides of the helmet two projecting ventilation lugs were fitted. These facilitated air circulation to the interior' and also acted as supports for a steel reinforced visor that was worn for additional protection by snipers.