By Terence Wise
Within the first 1/2 the 18th century the French were the ecu leaders in artillery, owning the one standardized variety of items. those items, have been good yet tremendous heavy. This booklet indicates how at the start of the Seven Years' battle (1756-1763), Austria seized the lead by way of introducing new mild box items - the 3pdr., 6pdr., and 12pdr. weapons - and a few first-class mild howitzers. different powers followed this new procedure, besides the fact that no entire overarching method existed until eventually the implementation of the Gribeauval approach, which was once to revolutionise the artillery of Europe and make attainable the hugely effective box artillery of the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815).
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Extra resources for Artillery Equipments of the Napoleonic Wars (Men-at-Arms, Volume 96)
20th. and 21st. , 12th. and 16th. Carmine — 10th. and 14th. , 18th. and 19th. Uhlans had collar and cuff litzen. Uhlan tunics, apart trom Saxons, bore pear-shaped shoulder straps with scarlet cyphers or numerals. ) had traditional square topped shoulder straps. Field grey trousers without piping were worn by all Uhlan troops. Bavarian Chevauleger troops wore a basic lancer uniform, but it had "Swedish" cuffs and straight rear skirt ornamentation. Piping was in regimental colours which were: Carmine — 1st.
Right: A stretcher-bearer carries an infantryman wounded in the feet, back to a field hospital station. The wounded were given treatment there and then sent back either to war hospitals behind the front or to Germany for further treatment and convalescence (Roger Jay). Below: A hospital group with doctor and- nurse in the middle. Some of the patients are wearing the normal striped hospital dress of the Germany army, while others are wearing their uniforms (David Nash) ' ; i-T« •f A* I, •' ' v ;;%» 'A' 53 The Veterinary Service consisted of veterinary officers and veterinary surgeons who, like the medical personnel, held non-combatant rank but were to all intents and purposes officers.
The French and Belgians began producing their own emergency patterns utilising the dies that had in pre-war days produced the brass helmets for fire brigades. The German issue Stahlhelm, distinctive with its round peak and angular neck projection, represents to most people the total image of German military force. High up on the sides of the helmet two projecting ventilation lugs were fitted. These facilitated air circulation to the interior' and also acted as supports for a steel reinforced visor that was worn for additional protection by snipers.