Assessment of Processing Gelled GB M55 Rockets at Anniston by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review of Army Planning for the Disposal of M55 Rockets at the Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility

In 1985, Congress mandated the destruction of the stockpile of M55 rockets kept at numerous chemical guns garage websites within the usa and its possessions end result of the probability that the rockets could self-ignite. probability checks played via the military point out the chance to the general public is ruled through M55 rockets containing the nerve agent sarin (GB). throughout the disposal of those GB M55 rockets at a domain in Tooele, Utah, it used to be stumbled on that the agent had gelled in an important percent of the rockets. In those instances, the normal destruction procedure wouldn't paintings. the military devised another mechanism for incinerating the gelled rockets, however the country of Utah constrained their disposal fee utilizing this technique. the military, besides the fact that, has seeing that constructed plans for expanding the destruction cost of gelled rockets and proposes that this system be used at Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (ANCDF) in Anniston, Alabama. to help during this attempt, the military requested the nationwide learn Council (NRC) to judge the Army's plan for larger destruction premiums. Former Congressman Robert Riley (now Alabama's governor) additionally asked an NRC evaluation. This research used to be conducted via the NRC advert hoc Committee on assessment of military making plans for the Disposal of M55 Rockets on the Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility.

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273. 13. 009. 053. All other lots have lower percentages of leakers (SAIC, 2002a). M55 rockets were loaded with GB from various agent lots during the 1960s. S. Army, 1985, 1995b). Gelling problems in GB-filled M55 rockets were first encountered during the GB rocket disposal cam- paign at TOCDF. GB gelling had previously been encountered in a few 155-mm GB-filled projectiles at the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS). Gelling is identified during processing when the agent fails to drain adequately after the agent cavity of the rocket has been punched open.

The original disposal plan that was used as a basis for risk analyses in the Phase 2 quantitative risk assessment (QRA) for the Anniston site called for processing the GB M55 rockets first, then processing the stock of VX munitions, followed by the GB projectiles, and fi2Chemical Weapons Working Group et al. v. United States Department of Defense and United States Army. This is a lawsuit filed in 2003 under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.

The presence of gelled agent in as many as 20 percent of the 42,738 M55 GB rockets stored at Anniston, and the TOCDF precedent of reducing production rates for these rockets to limit agent loading to the DFS kiln, means it will probably be necessary to extend the disposal processing schedule beyond that originally planned. This would extend the storage period and, hence, the period of increased risk to the public, workers, and the environment. To minimize the total time for stockpile destruction at the ANCDF and to deal with the need to process gelled rockets at a reduced rate, a modified schedule of operations has been proposed.

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