Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists by John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek

By John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek Gjertsen

This finished compendium brings jointly 2200 scientists who've made vital contributions to the vast global of technology. instead of a Who’s-Who type laundry record, this effortless source offers crucial biographical details and makes a speciality of medical fulfillment. certainly, it's as a lot a e-book approximately technological know-how because it is set the awesome scientists who contain the field.

Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists concentrates at the 'traditional pure’ sciences of physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, and the earth sciences. It additionally covers medication and arithmetic and features a collection of those who have made vital contributions to engineering, expertise, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy.

Contains extra Biographies than different Comparably Sized Titles

Written by way of a well-known authority within the box, the easy prose eases readers into refined innovations, like summary arithmetic and glossy theoretical physics. The booklet highlights all Nobel Prize winners and well known scientists resembling Keith Campbell, Ian Wilmut, and John Nash. Compiled in A-Z kind, this paintings is the authoritative quantity of its style.

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Aston then went on to determine as many atomic weights as accurately as his instruments would allow. His first spectrograph was only suitable for gases but by 1927 he had introduced a new model capable of dealing with solids. From 1927 to 1935 he resurveyed the atomic weights of the elements with his new instrument. In the course of this activity he found some minor discrepancies with the whole-number rule. 99913. Aston attempted to show why these values are so tantalizingly close to the integral values of Prout – why the isotopes of oxygen are not simple 16 and 17 times as massive as the hydrogen atom.

Auger worked mainly on nuclear physics and cosmic rays. In 1925 he discovered the Auger effect in which an excited atom emits an electron (rather than a photon) in reverting to a lower energy state. In 1938 Auger made a careful study of “air showers,” a cascade of particles produced by a cosmic ray entering the atmosphere and later known as an Auger shower. Auger had an interest in the popularization of science. He also published volumes of poetry. Averroës (1126–1198) Spanish–Muslim physician and philosopher Knowledge is the conformity of the object and the intellect.

Thus in the Aristotelian universe different bodies obey different laws; celestial and terrestrial bodies move differently because the laws of motion are different in the heavens from those operating below the Moon. Nor was this the only distinction. For Aristotle the heavens were, with their supposed regularity, incorruptible, without change or decay; such processes were only too apparent on the Earth. Aristotle also produced a number of volumes on biological problems. In particular his De partibus animalium (On the Parts of Animals) and his De generatione animalium (On the Generation of Animals) show a detailed knowledge of the fauna of the Mediterranean world and a concern to understand their anatomy and physiology.

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