Biology of Coccinellidae by Ivo Hodek

By Ivo Hodek

This e-book offers the 1st monograph of Coccinellidae. even if the crowd reveals inclusion either in Clausen's (1940) "Entomophagous bugs" and in Balduf's (1935) "Entomophagous Coleoptera", reference in those works is proscribed to 3 and twenty pages respectively. in addition, the final thirty years because those books seemed have ~een loads of paintings at the staff. using pesticides principally destroyed the early makes an attempt at organic keep watch over and curiosity remained low for so long as pesticides seemed particularly winning notwithstanding, the issues of pesticides quickly turned obvious, and within the final decade there were super advancements in organic regulate, relatively in eombin

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78 (77) ScIerotized plates on thorax absent or only slightly developed. n abdomen slightly; sclerotized. Dorsum always covered with a white wax-like exu~a: tIOn.. •......... . Scymnlnl 79 (80) Rear of IXth abdomfual segment with two pairs of strong short pointed setae. Strumae of abdominal segments with one to two long setae. (Fig. ) •..................... · . . • • . . . . . . . . . . • • . • . • • . • • • . . .. Clitostethus W s.

Anisocalvia Crotch [A. )] Plates of thorax slightly sclerotized, covered with numerous short setae, their external margins with only two to four chalazae. Abdominal tergites with parascoli. (Fig. •......................................... ' Calvia Muls. Apex of IXth segment without an appendix. Abdominal tergites with a long cylindrical appendix, covered with numerous short chalazae and setae. Plates of thorax with numerous short setae, with chalazae at margins.

H. ) (1) Sides of prothorax entire. Abdominal tergites with strong short setae on the back margin. (Fig. ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • H. ) Hippodamia Muls. 1 (2) Prothorax with four closely adjacent plates. Larvae black with pale segment IV. (Fig. ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. ) 2 (1) Prothorax with two plates, with a deep and narrow excision posteriorly. Larvae completely black. (Fig. ) ..............................

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