By Simone Ferrari, Valentina Zanotto
This booklet discusses the problems correct to the overview of the thermal strength stability of structures in southern Europe and equips readers to hold out optimum development energy-performance exams making an allowance for the peculiarities of the climatic context. review of establishing strength functionality during this quarter is complicated, because the major desire for cooling signifies that the impression of thermal means, glazed surfaces and air flow and shading suggestions must be rigorously thought of whilst picking the indoor operative temperatures. this can be absolutely defined, and demanding concerns within the program of the generally hired, simplified systems and assumptions are pointed out. as well as the theoretical research, there are case reviews that discover the power performances of a suite of regular development typologies in the variability of the Italian weather, regarded as consultant of stipulations in southern Europe. those descriptions will help strength specialists and different stakeholders in assessing development power performances past the mere simplified normal assumptions. additionally, the varied graphs and tables documenting information should be simply followed to function layout recommendation instruments for either new buildings and retrofits.
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Extra info for Building Energy Performance Assessment in Southern Europe
30 W/(m2 K) of the chosen wall types. Furthermore, the simpliﬁed model is based on a lumped heat capacity approach, bringing to deceiving results when dealing with walls with similar frontal mass but different layouts, for instance in case of the two medium-weight constructions. 1. 3 Applications 10 2 Density of heat flow rate [W/m ] Fig. 37 3 2 1 0 Heavy Mid-Ins M Factor Ext-Ins Finite Element Light Steady-State applied. 23 (m2 K)/W increase in the thermal resistance value: the ﬁrst subsequent category has to be adopted unless the insulation is outward, in which case the second subsequent one should be used.
A Residential, single-family. b Residential, multi-family. c Tertiary, open plan ofﬁce These buildings are located in Milan, characterized by a relatively cold climate among the Italian ones. 1, while the glazed percentage of the façades and the constructions are deﬁned according to the Italian common practice. e. garage), in order to limit the perturbations on the analysis by neglecting the effects of the heat exchanges with the ground. 4 W/m2 K) and different aeric mass were applied: – a heavyweight wall, made by bricks and insulation (959 kg/m2); – a standard wall, made by hollow bricks and insulation (196 kg/m2); – a lightweight wall, made by insulation in sandwich (54 kg/m2).
Energy Build. R. 412, Regolamento recante norme per la progettazione, l’installazione e la manutenzione degli impianti termici degli ediﬁci, ai ﬁni del contenimento dei consumi di energia, in attuazione del’art. 10. P. 551/99) (Rome, 1993) EN 15251, Indoor Environmental Input Parameters for Design and Assessment of Energy Performance of Buildings Addressing Indoor Air Quality, Thermal Environment, Lighting and Acoustics (European Committee of Standardization, Brussels, 2007) EN ISO 6946, Building Components and Building Elements—Thermal Resistance and Thermal Transmittance—Calculation Method (European Committee of Standardization, Brussels, 2007) EN ISO 13786, Thermal Performance of Building Components—Dynamic Thermal Characteristics—Calculation Methods (European Committee of Standardization, Brussels, 2007) EN ISO 13790, Energy Performance of Buildings—Calculation of Energy Use for Space Heating and Cooling (European Committee of Standardization, Brussels, 2008) 20 1 Building Envelope and Thermal Balance EN ISO 13792, Thermal Performance of Buildings—Calculation of Internal Temperatures of a Room in Summer without Mechanical Cooling—Simpliﬁed Methods (European Committee of Standardization, Brussels, 2005) S.