By Gary L. Hardcastle, George A. Reisch (eds.)
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Extra resources for Bullshit and Philosophy
At relatively little cost, it saves people from unnecessary pain in social encounters. (Faking It, p. 35) Saving people pain often deserves more importance than a concern for truth. If we strictly apply Frankfurt’s definition of bullshit, according to which bullshit manifests an indifference to truth, it follows that bullshit constitutes the greater part of civility. Not all bullshit is motivated by delicate manners, however. Take advertising. We tend to tolerate bullshit advertising, and it isn’t out of politeness.
No: his problem is that he masks the evidence of her infidelity from himself, not that he manipulates himself after having accepted it. Mele maintains that psychological processes such as motivated misinterpretation of evidence and selective evidence gathering explain self-deception much more plausibly than the interpersonal model. One of the most common forms of self-deception is an inflated self-image. Mele opens his book by citing the statistic that ninety-four percent of university professors believe that they are better at their jobs than their average colleague (p.
But this war was highly unusual, too. Its supporters as well as its critics came to agree that the official reasons for waging it, the ones put to the public, to Congress, and to the United States’ allies, turned out to be . . well, put it this way: the claims that once seemed to make the invasion of Iraq necessary and urgent—that Iraq possessed and planned to use nuclear and chemical weapons of mass destruction, that it had high-technology devices (such as remote controlled airplanes) for deploying those weapons, and that it was complicit in the attacks of September 11th, 2001—are now understood to be best described by that word.