The Crusades: An Encyclopedia 4 Volume Set by Alan V. Murray

By Alan V. Murray

The set THE CRUSADES is a 4-volume murals hugely instructed for either highschool and college-level libraries as a easy introductory reference. a thousand A-Z entries and translated texts on person crusades and crusaders mirror the contributions of over 100 researchers from over twenty nations, and are observed by means of maps, bibliographic references, and black and white illustrations. Its the one paintings to include the complete campaign flow from the eleventh century via sleek occasions - and all all through Europe into the center East, and represents the most recent scholarship, prepared via a united kingdom lecturer in medieval reviews. A hugely instructed, uncomplicated reference for any university the place Crusades historical past is studied.

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Encyclopedia of Disasters: Environmental Catastrophes and by Angus M. Gunn

By Angus M. Gunn

Disasters can strike at any time. From the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius to storm Katrina, floods, tornadoes, earthquakes, hurricanes and different average failures have brought on large dying, human ache, and environmental disaster. The advanced technological and social alterations of the previous few centuries haven't in simple terms intensified the effect of such common failures, yet have extra new brought new purposes to be anxious - aircraft crashes, bombings, commercial injuries, genocides. Calling a few mess ups typical and others man-made downplays the real interrelationship among the development and human activities. Human activities - or inactions - can catapult a average phenomenon right into a lethal disaster. Likewise, nature will be extraordinarily disrupted by way of occasions which are created through humans.

<i>Encyclopedia of DisasterS&Lt;/i> covers over one hundred eighty of an important mess ups in heritage. prepared chronologically, the encyclopedia contains entries on these failures that experience had the best old, environmental, and cultural impression: The eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, which destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum; the London hearth of 1666, which flattened a lot of London and allowed the rebuilding of town; the influenza epidemic of 1918, which killed hundreds of thousands; the 1964 Prince William Sound earthquake in Alaska, which triggered loss of life and destruction as distant as Hawaii; the worst nuclear energy plant coincidence in Chernobyl, Ukraine, in 1964, that has rendered the encircling panorama uninhabitable; and the 2004 earthquake that created a tsunami that killed hundreds of thousands in Sumatra. each one access contains a checklist of readings for extra study, and the encyclopedia is illustrated with various pictures and line illustrations that exhibit the destruction and depression attributable to those disasters.

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Encyclopedia of Tribology

TRIBOLOGY – the research of friction, put on and lubrication – affects virtually each point of our day-by-day lives. The Springer Encyclopedia of Tribology is an authoritative and complete reference masking all significant points of the technology and engineering of tribology which are correct to researchers throughout all engineering industries and similar medical disciplines. this is often the 1st significant reference that brings jointly the technological know-how, engineering and technological facets of tribology of this breadth and scope in one paintings. built and written by means of best specialists within the box, the Springer Encyclopedia of Tribology covers the basics in addition to complicated functions throughout fabric forms, varied size and time scales, and encompassing quite a few engineering purposes and applied sciences. fascinating new parts comparable to nanotribology, tribochemistry and biotribology have additionally been integrated. As a six-volume set, the Springer Encyclopedia of Tribology includes 1630 entries written by way of authoritative specialists in each one topic zone, below the tips of a global panel of key researchers from academia, nationwide laboratories and undefined. With alphabetically-arranged entries, proposal diagrams and cross-linking gains, this accomplished paintings presents easy accessibility to crucial info for either researchers and working towards engineers within the fields of engineering (aerospace, automobile, biomedical, chemical, electric, and mechanical) in addition to fabrics technological know-how, physics, and chemistry.

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Encyclopedia of Multimedia by (auth.), Borko Furht (eds.)

By (auth.), Borko Furht (eds.)

Encyclopedia of Multimedia, moment version presents quick access to special innovations, concerns and know-how traits within the box of multimedia applied sciences, structures, strategies, and purposes. hundreds and hundreds of major researchers and international specialists have contributed to this complete selection of approximately 350 entries.

Over 1,100 heavily-illustrated pages — together with eighty new entries — current concise overviews of all facets of software program, structures, internet instruments and that let video, audio and constructing media to be shared and introduced electronically.

Borko Furht, Editor-in-Chief, in collaboration with the Editorial Board, surveyed and divided the sector of multimedia into particular issues that jointly surround foundations, applied sciences, functions, and rising components at the back of internet applied sciences, instant details move, and audio-visual formatting and garage. Borko Furht can be the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of the foreign magazine, Multimedia instruments and Applications.

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Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy - A-D (Chronology) by Alexander Deconde, Richard Dean Burns, Fredrik Logevall,

By Alexander Deconde, Richard Dean Burns, Fredrik Logevall, Louise B. Ketz

This revised model of the unique 1978 variation has been improved with forty four new essays, all written via revered post-Cold conflict students who carry the most recent views to their subject matters. Of the unique essays, 33 were revised by way of new students and forty three were revised via the unique individuals. normal class insurance contains techniques and doctrines, policymaking, trade and technological know-how, human rights and hands regulate, with particular articles on themes starting from anti-imperialism to environmental international relations, from refugee rules to terrorism and countermeasures. (20020901)

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The Poe Encyclopedia by Frederick S. Frank, Tony Magistrale

By Frederick S. Frank, Tony Magistrale

Top referred to as the writer of inventive brief fiction, akin to the autumn of the home of Usher and The Cask of Amontillado, and because the writer of hauntingly sonorous poems resembling The Raven, Edgar Allan Poe was once a number one practitioner of the yank Gothic and helped popularize the quick tale as a style. This reference paintings assembles in dictionary layout an entire and present physique of data on Poe's lifestyles and paintings. greater than 1900 entries disguise all stages of Poe's artwork and literary feedback, his relations relationships, his a number of travels and flats, and the abundance of serious responses to his works. every one access presents bibliographical info, and the amount concludes with an intensive directory of works for extra consideration.

Best identified for his mysterious and ingenious brief fiction, corresponding to the autumn of the home of Usher and The Cask of Amontillado, in addition to hauntingly sonorous poems corresponding to The Raven, Edgar Allan Poe has secured an enduring position within the American literary canon. He was once one of many first American authors to take delivery of severe recognition in Europe, and his works popularized the Gothic, the fast tale, and detective fiction in the United States. Poe's works are usually studied in colleges and faculties, yet he additionally keeps his attraction as one in all America's such a lot hard renowned authors. His works replicate his mammoth and occasionally arcane erudition, his probing insights into the workings of the brain, his theories of literature and aesthetics, and his curiosity in technology and the supernatural.

Through greater than 1900 alphabetically prepared entries, this reference booklet offers whole and present insurance of Poe's existence and paintings. a few entries deal with Poe's recognized analyzing and his responses to literary contemporaries and foreign literary figures. Others touch upon the effect of varied writers and literary traditions on Poe's mind's eye. nonetheless others deal with Poe's perspectives on matters starting from Shakespeare to mesmerism to phrenology. every one access is supplemented via a bibliographical notice which provides the foundation for the access and indicates resources for additional research. every one access for Poe's fiction and poetry includes a serious synopsis, and an intensive bibliography on the finish of the quantity lists an important severe and biographical reviews of Poe.

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