Closure and Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal approach (JACADS), the 1st absolutely built-in chemical agent disposal facility, is found on Johnston Island a few 800 miles southwest of Hawaii. JACADS accomplished ten years of operations in November 2000, which ended in the disposal of greater than 2000 a whole lot nerve and mustard brokers. In 1998, the military started making plans for closure and dismantling of the ability. In 1999, the NRC used to be requested to study the Army's making plans. This e-book offers an review of deliberate and ongoing closure actions on Johnston Island in a few aspect. It additionally offers an research of the most likely implications for closure of disposal amenities at 8 continental U.S. garage sites.

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These modifications include use of a CMS, multiagent monitoring 18 CLOSURE AND JOHNSTON ATOLL CHEMICAL AGENT DISPOSAL SYSTEM requirement, sampling protocols, and conceptual site models and assessment methodology for human and ecological risk based closure. The goal of the cleanup for Army facilities on Johnston Island is to achieve for each contaminant of concern a concentration less than a value established for that contaminant in a standard. Two sets of standards are under consideration: the industrial standard and the residential standard, each established for the end use implied by the name.

CMS is a system that grinds the solid carbon granules into micronized particles so that the carbon can be thermally treated in its furnace. 20 CLOSURE AND JOHNSTON ATOLL CHEMICAL AGENT DISPOSAL SYSTEM DECONTAMINATION Decontamination Technologies Decontamination techniques and processes, involving chemical, mechanical, and thermal methods, have been developed for the removal of hazardous materials from systems, structures, and components (SSCs), to soil and water. The primary objectives of decontamination are to reduce exposure, reduce the potential release of hazardous materials to clean areas, and enable decontaminated equipment and materials to be salvaged and reused.

Leigh Short on May 24, 2000. 11Leo O’Shea, JACADS Closure Phase Project Manager, and Tim Baker, PMCD Operations Assistant Project Manager JACADS, conversation with Stockpile Committee members Charles I. McGinnis and W. Leigh Short on May 24, 2000. 12Leo O’Shea, JACADS Closure Phase Project Manager, conversation with Stockpile Committee Study Director Donald L. Siebenaler, January 14, 2002. text means comparing the analytical results with a standard for each contaminant, if available. 13 WDC believes that its closure schedule is achievable unless EPA’s review and approval of any new submitted permit modifications are delayed or denied.

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