Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences by James Mahoney

By James Mahoney

This assessment of the accomplishments and destiny agendas of comparative old examine within the social sciences explores its strengths in explaining vital around the globe results (e.g., revolutions, social provision, democracy). It comprises sections on substantial examine accomplishments, technique, and conception, and lines essays through the most very important political scientists and sociologists at the moment operating.

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Introduction 13 any given contract will leave numerous less defined, grey areas which become the site of new conflict and, possibly, the origin of transition to another overall contract. The gender system will therefore show major variations in space and time, with regard both to the nature of the gender contract and to its rigidity. Hirdman develops this notion historically for Sweden since the turn of the century, describing how different gender contracts emerged and transformed through social conflict and compromise.

By providing empirical detail we hope to cast light on some of the theoretical debates that have taken place in recent years in relation to the factors influencing the differential involvement of women in paid work, such as the gender welfare regimes approach (Lewis 1992; Sainsbury 1994), differentiated patriarchy (Walby 1994) and gender contracts (Hirdman 1990; Pfau-Effinger 1998). See also Forsberg (1998) and Perrons and Gonäs (1998) for a brief review of these debates. This chapter therefore seeks to analyse national and regional differences in the gender structure of the labour market and relate them to other regional and/or national characteristics such as state support (tax/benefit structure and social infrastructure), cultural norms and economic transformation.

She identifies three long-standing ‘family/gender models’ in Western Europe, rather than assuming a single ‘traditional’ or ‘breadwinner’ or ‘patriarchal’ family (see also Chapter 5). In the family economic model, men and women cooperate in a family economy in farm holdings or small businesses. This model can be seen to correspond, historically and geographically, to petty commodity production where women were involved both in production and in the public sphere (although gender relations were unequal and sometimes deeply exploitative).

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