Computing and Philosophy: Selected Papers from IACAP 2014 by Vincent C. Müller

By Vincent C. Müller

This quantity bargains very chosen papers from the 2014 convention of the “International organization for Computing and Philosophy” (IACAP) - a convention culture of 28 years. The subject matter of the papers is the two-way relation among computing applied sciences and philosophical questions: Computing applied sciences either bring up new philosophical questions, and make clear conventional philosophical difficulties. The chapters hide: 1) philosophy of computing, 2) philosophy of computing device technology & discovery, three) philosophy of cognition & intelligence, four) computing & society, and five) ethics of computation.

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Fano ( ) • R. Macrelli • G. it P. C. 1007/978-3-319-23291-1_3 27 28 V. Fano et al. 1 Church, Turing and Gandy When we say that a function1 is ‘effectively calculable’ we mean, roughly speaking, that there is a procedure that, starting from any argument, always produces the correct value. The intuitive notion of ‘procedure’ we are introducing is purely epistemic: it has nothing to do with the physical world. A ‘procedure’ in this sense is a finite set of distinct operations that lead without creativity from the argument to the value of a function.

The introduction of this surreptitiously normative assumption is due to the fact that, in our opinion, there is no principle able to respond to Kripke’s objection. It is necessary to adopt a design stance with respect to the part of the world that we are considering, to overcome the Kripke’s objection. Obviously the endorsed design could be changed. Therefore the proposed solution can only be a form of reflective equilibrium between the normative and the explanatory point of view. It is possible to understand our definition also through a simple image (Fig.

4 An example of a machine state of type Psm qn Q 32 Gandy also shows that several forms of weakening on the conditions of function F would allow computing functions not computable in the sense of Turing. 33 See Sieg and Byrne (1999) for a clear introduction to Gandy’s formalism. Sieg (2002) radically shifts the methodological perspective of Gandy’s argument from simulation by one computational mechanism, to a perspective by an axiomatic approach. 38 V. Fano et al. 4 boxes, e5 and e6 respectively to the two symbols 0 and 1; the n possible internal states have labels e7 e6Cn .

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