By Jeremy Richardson
Constructing a Policy-Making State? units out to ascertain the strategies wherein Europeanization happens. Europeanization is outlined because the procedure in which the main judgements approximately public regulations are steadily transferred to the eu point (or for brand new coverage components, emerge on the eu level). this is often not like definitions of Europeanization which specialize in the adaption of member states to eu public guidelines. therefore, the main target is whether or not a ecu Union 'policy-making nation' is being created through adjustments within the distribution of energy among member states and the ecu point associations over the years. as well as a number of assessment chapters (such as on time table surroundings within the EU), there are twelve sectoral stories which examine the differing trajectories and results of the Europeanization technique and the level to which the eu Union could make 'authoritative allocations'. The case stories were chosen so as to illustrate the measure of cross-sectoral version within the means of Europeanization, from sectors that have but to determine a great deal Europeanization, resembling future health, to sectors comparable to festival coverage that are nearly totally Europeanized. The e-book is consciously multi-theoretic in its technique, drawing on a number theories and ideas, from theories of eu integration, to theories of public coverage approaches.
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Extra resources for Constructing a Policy-Making State?: Policy Dynamics in the EU
Burkard Eberlein’s chapter argues that over the past two decades EU energy policy has risen from one of the Community’s major failures to a major area of EU policy activity. At least in terms of discourse and policy activities—if not always in practice—the EU today has a comprehensive energy policy, underpinned by a constitutional foundation in the Lisbon Treaty and equipped with some hard instruments to liberalize Union energy trade, regulate greenhouse gas emissions, and promote renewable sources of energy.
In contrast, however, he concluded that ‘ . . the European union remains an active regulator across a wide range of issue-areas, and will continue to play the role of a regulatory state predicted for it by Delors in the halcyon days of the 1980s’ (Pollack 2000: 537). 19 Supranational State Building in the EU The onward march of the Euro-regulatory state has attracted the criticism of one of its discoverers, Giandomenico Majone. He has identiﬁed a number of ‘operational principles’ in the EU and argues that one of the most important of these is ‘that integration has priority over all other competing values, including democracy’ (Majone 2009: 1).
For example, Levi-Faur’s overview of the growth of EU agencies identiﬁed some ﬁfty agencies, twenty-eight of which were deﬁned as regulatory. Of the thirty-six ‘regulatory regimes’ speciﬁed by Levi-Faur, twenty-nine contained an EU regulatory agency (one agency operated in two regulatory regimes) (Levi-Faur 2011: 817–24). In addition, he identiﬁed a large number of regulatory policy networks of various types, some of which will no doubt become agencies at some point. None of this is meant to claim that the degree of importance of the EU is uniform in all policy areas, no more than the degree of state involvement in all policy areas is uniform in traditional nation states.