By Enze Han
Contestation and Adaptation unravels the complexities of national-identity contestation between quite a few ethnic minority teams in China. It specializes in the interactions among family and overseas forces that tell ethnic teams' national-identity contestation, positing a theoretical framework the place foreign components play an important position in making a choice on why and whilst ethnic teams will contest the nationwide identities imposed on them by means of principal governments as a part of the nation-building process.
Simmering grievances and coffee outbursts of social unrest between ethnic minority populations in China problem not just the ruling party's legitimacy and governance, but additionally modern chinese language nationwide id and the territorial integrity of the chinese language nation. yet, as Enze Han issues out, of the fifty-five ethnic minority teams in China, simply the Tibetans and Uyghurs have forcefully contested the assumption of a chinese language nationwide identification. He argues that no matter if ethnic teams contest these nationwide identities relies on whether or not they understand a greater, attainable substitute. particularly, Han argues that ethnic teams with broad exterior kinship networks are probably to understand a ability to accomplish larger situations and are, for this reason, prone to politically mobilize to contest nationwide id. within the absence of such choices ethnic teams usually tend to do something about their state of affairs via emigration, political ambivalence, or assimilation. utilizing this theoretical framework, the booklet compares the best way that 5 significant ethnic minority teams in China negotiate their nationwide identities with the chinese language countryside: Uyghurs, chinese language Koreans, Dai, Mongols, and Tibetans.
Overall, Contestation and Adaptation sheds mild at the nation-building approaches in China during the last six many years and the ways in which diversified teams have resisted or acquiesced of their dealings with the chinese language kingdom and majority Han chinese language society.
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Extra info for Contestation and adaptation : the politics of national identity in China
And there are still others who are willing to assimilate and adopt the new national identity. What we want to know is which factors make various groups do the things they do. Recently, the scholarship in ethnic conflict and nationalism has been increasingly aware of the need to look beyond domestic factors to explain the politics of ethnic and national identity contestation. This is due to a realization that such contestations are not necessarily isolated events within a domestic setting. ”21 International factors can take various forms, such as spillover and demonstration effects, financial and political support, and in the most extreme case direct military intervention.
Also, this is a case where the Mongols do receive some symbolic though not substantial external support. In addition, these four ethnic groups are geographically located in distinct parts of the Chinese territory: Uyghurs in the northwest, Mongols in the north, Koreans in the northeast, and the Dai in the southwest. By analyzing these four groups in detail, we can examine the variations in both independent variables to see their separate impacts on our main dependent variable: national identity contestation and adaptation.
22 Hence the Qing Dynasty’s elaborate imperial authority and administrative structure was such that great cultural diversity was maintained while most ethnic subjects were afforded autonomy. ”23 At the beginning of this period, when the Republic of China was founded, “anti-Manchu” rhetoric was initially used to reclaim the legitimate rule of China for the Han Chinese so as to mobilize the masses to overthrow the Qing court, and to rally public for support of the new Republic. However, facing the reality of the country’s diverse social composition and concerns over maintaining “national” unity throughout the vast territory inherited from the Qing, the Republican government had to court various ethnic minorities for their support—particularly the bigger ones—and to legitimize itself in their eyes to prevent the disintegration of China.