By Danijela Dolenec
Josip Broz Tito's announcing that "one will not be carry directly to the legislation like a drunken guy holds directly to a fence" is still a legitimate piece of well known knowledge this present day, encapsulating the matter of vulnerable rule of legislations in Southeast ecu societies. This e-book poses the query of why democratization in Southeast Europe disenchanted preliminary expectancies and claims that this is often end result of the dominance of authoritarian events over regime switch. Their rule verified nondemocratic governance practices that proceed to subvert rule of legislation ideas two decades later.
The specific contribution of this publication is in offering empirical proof for the argument that post-socialist transformation proceeded in a double flow, wherein advances to formal democratic associations have been subverted via nondemocratic rule. This misfit is helping clarify why advancements to formal democratic associations didn't lead to anticipated democratization advances.
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Extra resources for Democratic Institutions and Authoritarian Rule in Southeast Europe
In more recent times, the European Commission’s progress report for Croatia stated that significant challenges in the area of judicial independence remained, as well as the ‘potential for undue political influence over the judiciary’ (2009: 9). Furthermore, appointment procedures for the High Judicial Council (HJC) and the State Prosecution did not ensure independence because of potential for political interference. In addition, according to the European Commission (EC), the High Judicial Council did not have ‘the capacity to carry out its key functions’ (2009: 51).
Privatisation processes across the Balkans which transformed political party affiliates into economic moguls and tycoons have attested to this. ‘Privileged information, privileged access, privileged loan terms, and appropriations by dubious means helped to build up private fortunes in much of former Yugoslavia’ (Ramet and Wagner 2010: 22). In a second step, economic power was used to wield political influence leading to inside capture of the privatisation process (Gould 2003). In Bulgaria organised crime groups have merged with corporations and newly privatised assets, transforming ‘accumulated wealth into political and administrative power’ (Centre for the Study of Democracy 2010: 6).
While it has been argued that the distance from Western capitals or previous democratic experience hardly have much explanatory power on their own, the concept of modernisation which rests on economic and social development indicators on the one hand, and Kitschelt’s regime typology which rests on state capacity and civil society on the other, are taken forward as two crucial structural preconditions in explaining democratisation in European post‑communist countries. State-building and war The emergence of new nation states in post-communist Europe initially appeared ‘extraordinary and undesirable to Western democracies’ even though the nation state is the form within which all modern societies evolved (Lukic 2010).