Ethical Relativity (International Library of Philosophy) by Edward Westermarck

By Edward Westermarck

First released in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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Example text

But surely, the presence of such breaks do little to persuade us that the agent ensures that he has more than one physically possible future, etc. Which beliefs enter the agent's deliberations is indeterminate, and as a result of such indeterminacy the forking paths future is guaranteed. But the compatibilist might urge that the agent contributes no more to control in this scenario, the scenario with indeterminacy, than he does in a fully determined world. Look at the matter in this way: on the Meleian strategy, the threat of indeterminacy to control decreases as the model of control more closely approximates the model of control specified by CC, a model that stresses deterministic proximal control.

Or the libertarian may construe (1) as a conditional of freedom in Plantinga's sense . . that is, as (1b) If Jones is blushing at t1, then Jones will freely decide at t2 to kill Smith, in which case the libertarian may again claim that in the actual situation when Jones is blushing at t1, it is within his power to refrain from deciding to kill Smith at t2. (1995, p. 250) As, barring its being causally determined, it is hard to see how Jones's decision is unavoidable, Widerker concludes that Frankfurt's attack on the principle of alternative possibilities as applied to decisions fails.

Sec. 6) McKenna's principal point is this: just as, to determine whether failure of the fuel pump was causally sufficient in bringing about my car's failure, other causal conditions must be factored out of the counterfactuals relevant to ascertaining the truth of the causal claim under consideration, so the incompatibilist can insist that to determine whether S, in the actual sequence, has the power to form the intention to not-C, certain "causal conditions"—like the presence of Max—must be factored out of the counterfactuals relevant to ascertaining the truth of the "power-possession" claim under consideration.

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