Forgiveness and retribution : responding to wrongdoing by Margaret R. Holmgren

By Margaret R. Holmgren

Forgiveness and Retribution: Responding to Wrongdoing argues that finally, forgiveness is often the precise reaction to wrongdoing. In contemporary a long time, many philosophers have claimed that until convinced stipulations are met, we should always resent those that have wronged us in my view and that felony offenders need to be punished. Conversely, Margaret Holmgren posits that we should always forgive those that have ill-treated us, yet in basic terms after operating via a strategy of addressing the incorrect. Holmgren then displays at the forms of legislation and social practices a appropriately forgiving society may undertake

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Our reasons and motives for acting are unified. It is important to understand the difference between an agent who holds an integrated moral attitude and an agent who merely calculates his duty by a moral principle and wills himself to comply with the results. Consider a father who holds an integrated attitude of profound love for his children. A father of this sort will recognize the value and uniqueness of his children and the importance of their flourishing. He will also have deep, persistent feelings of love and affection for his children, and he will be consistently motivated to spend time with them, to protect them, to participate in their lives, and to raise them as well as he can.

Likewise in Chapter 3, I will set aside false approximations of a worthy attitude of forgiveness, and articulate a conception of genuine forgiveness that is a reasonable candidate for a morally worthy attitude to adopt in response to wrongdoing. We can then attempt to determine whether an attitude of genuine forgiveness or an attitude of resentment is the more morally appropriate response to wrongdoing in particular types of situations. The same procedure will be followed in Chapter 4 in our discussion of self-forgiveness.

Finally, I defend this third component of the public response to wrongdoing against objections that are likely to be raised by retributivists, and I also explain how it incorporates some of their central insights. A discussion of the paradigm of forgiveness would not be complete without addressing the restorative justice movement, and the eighth and final chapter addresses this topic. The restorative justice movement has received substantial attention in recent literature and it is also making inroads into the practices of criminal justice in many jurisdictions around the world.

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